“…Take, for all that is good, for all that is gone,
That it may lie rough and real against your collarbone,
This string of bees, that once turned honey into sun.”
Osip Mandelsteim – The Necklace
The entry of “South stream” pipeline to Serbia is set to influence our country’s politics and human rights even more than economy itself. The “lex specialis” on land expropriation will define the new relation between the state, it’s sovereignty and human rights. It’s form is the consequence of the rising trend toward economic and political dependence as the dominant model of the state’ strategic planning, which has established the abandonment as the dominant emotional and therefore cultural, undertone of Serbia’s present. It places the decisions on the citizens’ lives into a secondary, residual plane, subservient to the geo-political interests of foreign economic powers. It also means that, in contemporary Serbia, the new, primary acquisition of capital is also a derivative process, based on the residue of once publicly owned property base. The “Condensate”, is a research work, tracing the route of the projected pipeline through Serbia, taking a look into the people and their land, inviting them both to regain their voice by revealing their unguarded emotional responses.
Russia Opens TurkStream, Carrying Gas To Europe, Amid U.S. Pressure
By Vusala Abbasova January 12, 2020.
The much-anticipated TurkStream gas pipeline, the alternative to the abandoned South Stream project, was launched this week, despite the fierce opposition from Washington. On the sidelines of a special ceremony in Istanbul, Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan inaugurated the 930-kilometer (559-mile) twin pipeline that will deliver Russian natural gas to Turkey and southern and southeastern Europe via the pipeline that was laid along the bottom of the Black Sea. Speaking at the ceremony, which was attended by the leaders of Serbia and Bulgaria, Putin said the pipeline was a sign of,
“interaction and cooperation for the benefit of our people and the people of all Europe, the whole world.”
Franz Klintsevich, a member of the Federation Council’s Committee on Defense and Security, underscored the political importance of the pipeline, “although the project is purely economic.” He says the launch of the new gas route is a breakthrough for the Russian economy and diplomacy, contributing to Russia’s credibility despite U.S. efforts to thwart the process.
“TurkStream is not the last gas pipeline launched this year,” RIA Novosti quoted Klintsevich as saying on Thursday. “There will also be Nord Stream 2, and, as life shows, the Americans are unable to stop this process, which means that Russia, if it does not dominate yet, has already acquired significantly stronger authority, despite all these information wars that the U.S. has been actively waging against us over the past five years.” (Caspian news)
In 2015, Gazprom and Srbijagas entered into a Memorandum of Understanding. The document reflects the parties’ intent to consider the ways of promoting cooperation in the areas of underground gas storage, use of natural gas as a vehicle fuel, and small-scale LNG, including as part of scientific & technical cooperation. In 2016, Gazprom and Srbijagas signed an Agreement for scientific & technical cooperation and partnership. In December 2017, an Addendum to the long-term contract between Gazprom Export and Yugorosgaz for Russian gas deliveries to Serbia was signed. According to the document, the amount of gas supplies under the contract would be increased from 1.5 billion cubic meters to 2 billion cubic meters per year starting from 2018. In June 2017, Gazprom Export and Srbijagas inked the Memorandum of Understanding for the expansion of the Banatski Dvor UGS facility. (Gazprom Serbia)
Banatski Dvor UGS facility
In 2009, Gazprom and Srbijagas signed the Agreement on setting up a joint venture for the Banatski Dvor UGS facility. The Banatski Dvor UGS facility is one of the largest gas storages in southeastern Europe. The facility was commissioned in November 2011.
With a working gas capacity of 450 million cubic meters, the UGS facility has a maximum gas deliverability of 5 million cubic meters per day. (Gazprom Serbia)
TPP in Pancevo
In 2015, Tsentrenergoholding (part of Gazprom Energoholding Group) and NIS signed the Shareholders Agreement on setting up the Serbskaya Generaciya Novi Sad company to implement the project for the construction of a thermal power plant (TPP) in Pancevo, Republic of Serbia, with a power capacity of some 200 MW. The heat generated by the TPP will serve the needs of the Pancevo Refinery, while the plant’s electric power output will be sold in Serbia and neighboring countries. The TPP construction started in 2019. (Gazprom Serbia)
The special law on the expropriation of property in Serbia
the link to the page is to a legal publisher in Serbia. Changes may be applied without notice. Document provided is under Copyright protection and is provided as read-only. (HTML, PDF, in Serbian).
Zakon o utvrđivanju javnog interesa i posebnim postupcima eksproprijacije i pribavljanja dokumentacije radi realizacije izgradnje magistralnog gasovoda granica bugarske – granica mađarske (The law on establishing of the public interest and special actions of expropriation and acquisition of documentation for the construction of transit gas pipeline Bulgarian border – Hungarian border).